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How to use legal terms in sentences in a grammatically appropriate manner

This short text is to show to you how to use legal terms found in legal dictionaries in a grammatically appropriate manner.

How to use legal terms in sentences in a grammatically appropriate manner

This short text is to show to you how to use legal terms found in legal dictionaries in a grammatically appropriate manner.

Image we have to find the English equivalent of the following terms

 

language

term

français

injonction

Deutsch

Anordnung

Español

mandamiento

Italiano

inguinzone

Polski

nakaz

Pусский,

запрет

عربي

الأمر الزجري

Nederlands

bevel

Magyarul

eltiltás

 

Our national law dicitonary says that the English equivalent of these terms is injunction.

 

2       We can check Black’s Law Dictionary to see what explanation is given for the term injunction.

injunction: a court order commanding or preventing an action. To get an injunction, the complainant must show that there is no plain, adequate, and complete remedy at law and that an irreperable injury will result unless a relief is granted. Also termed writ of injunction, equitable injunction.

 

Unfortunately the Dictionary provide no explanation how to use the term injunction in a grammatically appropriate manner.

 

3       The ”A Practial Guide to English for Law” provides the following explanation.

We can check the Index at the end of the book, and we will find to entries for the term:

 

injunction_Ordering  &  instructing_375

injunction_Prohibition_442

From Black’s Law Dictionary we have learnt that the term may be used for ordering or for prohibiting alike. In this case, we need the term denoting prohibition, which is described under the headword 442.

 

This headword provides the following explanation:

 

442 injunction[1]

 

subject

verb

adjective

term

complement

court

award

grant

enter

issue

refuse

0

antisuit

common

ex parte

headstart

interlocutory

permanent

perpetual

preliminary

provisional

preventive

production

prohibitory

quia-timet

special

temporary

use

injunction

against infringement

from + court

in  person’s  favor

to  +  prevent  +  action

to  +  stop  +  action

to  +  restrain  +  action

to  +  restrain  +  person  +  from  verb+ing

to  +  prevent  +  person  +  from  verb+ing

to  +  enjoin  person  +  from  verb+ing

verb+ing

to  +  order  +  person  +  not  to  verb1

entity

person

etc.

apply to court for

is entitled to

obtain

secure

seek

 

person  +  obtain  +  injunction  +  to  restrain  +  action

The  stockholders  obtained  an  injunction  to  restrain  the  levy  of  taxes  on  certain  properties.

 

person  +  obtain  +  injunction  +  to  restrain  +  person  +  from  verb+ing

The  defendant  obtained  an  injunction  to  restrain  the  sheriff  from  selling  the  land.

 

person  +  is  entitled  +  to  injunction  +  against  action

The  owner  of  the  right  infringed  or  person  bringing  the  action  under  this  title  shall  be  entitled  as  against  such  infringer  or  violator  only  to  an  injunction  against  future  printing.

 

person  +  must  +  verb1  +  to  obtain  +  injunction

To  obtain  a  preliminary  injunction  in  a  trademark  infringement  case,  the  plaintiff  must  show  that  …

 

person  +  secure  +  injunction  +  from  court  +  against  infringement

We  prevailed  on  our  claim  of  patent  infringement  and  secured  a  permanent  injunction  from  the  trial  court  against  further  infringement.

 

court  +  grant  +  injunction

The  court  may  grant  temporary  restraining  orders  and  injunctions,  as  may  be  deemed  proper  and  reasonable  by  the  court,  to  prevent  any  conduct.

 

court  +  refuse  +  injunction

In  granting  or  refusing  an  interlocutory  injunction,  the  court  must  similarly  state  the  findings  of  the  case.

 

court  +  impose  +  injunction  +  restraining  +  person  +  from  +  verb+ing

The  Federal  Circuit  Court  has  imposed  an  unprecedented  injunction  restraining  the company  from  underpaying  any  staff…

 

court  +  issue  +  injunction

The  court  may  issue  a  preliminary  injunction  under  the  Act.

 

 

court    +    uphold    +    injunction

The    appeals    court    also    upheld    the    lower    court's    injunction    against    the    use    of    any    paralytic    drug    or    potassium    chloride,    agreeing    with    the    district    court    that    Ohio    was    bound    by    its    previous    repeated    representations    that    it    would    not    use    those    drugs    in    future    executions.

 

court    +    lift    +    injunction    +    barring    +    action

The    high    court    has    lifted    an    injunction    barring    operation    of    the    nuclear    power    plant.

 

Term-focus

Key        patterns        for        the        term        injunction        with        focus        on        the        term        include:

 

application  +  for  grant  +  of  injunction  +  is  made  +  by  instrument

An    application    for    the    grant    of    an    injunction    to    restrain    the    presentation    of    a    petition    to    wind    up    a    company    shall     be    made    by    originating    motion.

 

instrument  +  seek  +  injunctive  relief

The  aforementioned  complaint  seeks  permanent  injunctive  relief  against  the  defendants.

 

injunction  +  is  issued

No  temporary  injunction  or  restraining  order  shall  be  issued…

 

injunction  +  is  granted

When  an  injunction  has  been  granted  by  the  court,  it  shall  be  binding  on  the  defendants.

 

injunction  +  is  served  +  on  person

Any  such  injunction  granted  upon  hearing  by  any  district  court  may  be  served  on  the  parties  against  whom  such  injunction  is  granted.

 

injunction  +  is  entered

No  injunction  was  entered  in  his  favor.

 

injunction    +    is    set    aside    +    by    court

A    permanent    injunction    granted    by    the    High    Court    restraining    further    infringement    was    set    aside    by    the    Appeal    Court.

 

injunction    +    is    vacated

The    preliminary    injunction    is    hereby    vacated    and    dissolved.

 

item  +  is  +  subject  +  of  injunction  +  verb+ing

If  the  goods  or  any  part  thereof  is  in  such  action  or  proceeding  held  to  constitute  infringement  and  is  the  subject  of  an  injunction  restraining  its  use,  the  seller  shall  either…

 

injunction    +    is    sought    +    ordering    +    person    +    to    verb1

An    injunction    is    sought    ordering    the    defendant    to    do    or    refrain    from    doing    anything    within    the    jurisdiction .

 

In summary, we have learned

 

  • from the table under this heading what verbs, adjectives are to be used in conjunction with this term, and what ways are available to express the notion of prohibition itself (in the ”complement” column),
  • from the sentence patterns, what typical sentences the term is used,
  • from the footnote and the referenced part in the Chapter entitled Law of civil procedure” how to express prohibition in general in the context of courts and civil procedures,

 

therefore we have a sound knowledge (and a number of options) as to how to use the term injunction for our purposes in a grammatically appropriate manner.

 

 

[1] See also Section 44.16.4.2 entitled „Court prohibiting.”

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